Hypertension Q & A
What is hypertension?
Billions of individuals across the globe are dealing with high blood pressure, medically known as hypertension. At Premier Family Medical, the management of the disease is a priority. Blood pressure is the force applied to blood vessels as blood flows through them with each heartbeat. Hypertension, or high blood pressure levels, refers to a person with a blood pressure reading of higher than 140 mmHg systolic, when the heart beats, and over 90mmHg diastolic, or between beats. High blood pressure can also progress to levels between 140 to 159 or 90 to 99. When the readings come back even higher than those levels, a more serious case of hypertension is present.
What symptoms are related to high blood pressure?
High blood pressure does not usually display obvious symptoms in most people. However, long-term hypertension can cause internal symptoms which your doctor can identify through a physical assessment and laboratory test. Complications can include:
- A weakened and enlarged heart muscle
- Arteriosclerosis: the narrowing of a person’s blood vessels
- A rupture in the blood vessels of the eyes can occur because of hypertension
- Aneurysms: an irregular bulge in the wall of an artery which is in danger of rupture
How is high blood pressure treated?
It will be very important to include a lifestyle and diet change into your life in order to lower blood pressure. The doctors will suggest that patients avoid high-salt foods, or salt altogether, and alcohol. In addition, the doctors will also typically recommend increasing the amount of fruits, vegetables, and naturally low-fat foods eaten. Losing extra weight can also dramatically improve a person’s blood pressure levels. Regular exercise will help a person to achieve this goal as well as provide other benefits such as improved cardiovascular strength and endurance. Quitting smoking is also very beneficial because this habit significantly increases blood pressure. Medications are prescribed by the doctor if these methods do not help to reduce blood pressures. Medications are combined with lifestyle changes to maximize the effect.