Managing Type II Diabetes

  • By Premier Family Medical
  • 15 Mar, 2017
Type II diabetes is more common in adults or children with obesity. It is also called non insulin-dependent diabetes, and it is a chronic condition that affects your body's ability to metabolize sugar (glucose), which is your body's most important source of fuel. If you have type II diabetes, your body is insulin-resistant or does not produce enough insulin. Insulin is a natural hormone that regulates how sugar moves into your cells.

Work With Your Physician

Getting as much support as possible from your doctor is vitally important. So, choose a physician who communicates with you and who has a great support staff. Your insurance plan may also require a doctor's referral for visits to the other health professionals and specialists, which will include the following.

  • Endocrinologists help diagnose and treat hormone imbalances and problems. They assist in the restoring of the body's hormonal levels to the normal balance.
  • Pharmacists provide safe and effective medication use.
  • Nutritionists can provide counseling on nutritional issues.

Medical Conditions Related to Type II Diabetes

  • Heart and blood vessel disease.  Diabetes dramatically increases the risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease and high blood pressure.
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy).  Excess sugar harms the walls of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that nourish nerves. This particularly impacts the legs, causing tingling or numbness in toes or fingers; this gradually spreads upward.
  • Kidney damage (nephropathy).  The kidneys contain millions of blood vessel clusters that filter wastes out of the body. Diabetes damages this delicate filtering system.
  • Eye damage.  Diabetes increases the risk of blindness, as well as cataracts and glaucoma.
  • Foot damage.  Nerve damage or poor blood flow to the feet increases the risk of diabetic complications. Left untreated, it's likely cuts and blisters will become serious infections.
  • Hearing impairments are more common in diabetic people.
  • Skin conditions.  Diabetes makes you susceptible to skin problems, such as bacterial and fungal infections.
  • Alzheimer's disease.  Type II diabetes has been associated with a higher risk of Alzheimer's.


Your physician can make specific recommendations on how to control your type II diabetes or to prevent it if you are just presenting symptoms.

Weight, Diet and Exercise

Such a simple list but so hard to follow. This is another area where you will need to consult with your physician for recommendations. If you are struggling, ask for a referral to a dietitian so that you can follow a strict diet.

  • Lose Weight
  • Eat Better
  • Increase Activity

Do You Need Medicine?

If you're at high risk for type II diabetes, your doctor can prescribe medication to hold it off. Several studies show that various types of drugs, combined with a healthy lifestyle, drastically reduce the odds that you will develop type II diabetes.

Stay positive and focused on your health, and you can control this disease.
Control Your High Blood Pressure CTA

Recent posts from the Premier Family Medical Blog

Premier Family Medical Blog

By Premier Family Medical 13 Dec, 2017

It’s that time of year again! The holidays are beginning for many families, and the rush is on to find that perfect gift. Whether you’ve gotten all of the presents long ago, or you are still in the “research” phase, it’s a good idea to have safety a priority in addition to fun.

Getting presents for kids can be really easy, or quite tricky. You have to think about age appropriateness, trends, components, to name a few considerations. Not sure what to do? It’s okay, here are few tips.

By Premier Family Medical 06 Dec, 2017

How would you answer? When is flu season? You might have heard that it begins in December and often lasts through February. While that’s generally true, it’s also true that the beginning and end of the season are unpredictable. In fact, sometimes it can begin in the fall and continue through spring.

No matter the time of year, though, no one wants to end up with the flu. Coughing, chills, body ache and fever really don’t sound pleasant, do they? So what can you do to make sure that you’re spared for one more season? Get vaccinated.
By Premier Family Medical 29 Nov, 2017

Did you know that November is Bladder Health Month ?

Bladder health isn’t something that’s talked about openly or often. Yet, it’s very important. The ultimate goal of Bladder Health Month is to help people speak more openly about it, improve their overall bladder health and raise bladder cancer awareness.

When we think about bladder health it raises the question: What important things do you need to know on this subject of bladder health? Two issues that you should be aware of are first, urinary incontinence and an overactive bladder (OAB), and what are worrisome symptoms that I should talk to my doctor about.

More Posts

Request An Appointment Find A Doctor Find A Location

Ask Us Anything

Do you have a health topic or question you'd like us to blog about?  Send us a message and lets us know what you want to hear from us. 
*All submissions are confidential

Share by: