It is estimated that over 200,000 people in Utah (10% of the adult population) have diabetes and an astonishing 619,000 Utahns have prediabetes. Diabetes affects nearly 30 Million Americans and is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States.
November is diabetes awareness month , and while diabetes is a common word, many people are unable to distinguish between the three common types. Below are the main variations of type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
This type of diabetes is known by several other names including juvenile diabetes and Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM. It occurs in two forms:
The Immune-mediated diabetes is more common compared to the idiopathic type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is most prevalent in children and young adults, but can always start at any age.
Type 1 diabetes is believed to stem from the immune system being triggered. The immune system of the body attacks and kills the cells producing insulin in the pancreas.
Insulin is the chemical that allows glucose to be absorbed into the cells of the body.
When the cells producing insulin are killed, insulin cannot be produced; and glucose will not be absorbed into the body. Patients with Type 1 diabetes need to take daily injections of insulin as well as monitor their blood sugar level regularly.
A number of factors can put you at risk for diabetes type 1. They include:
Insulin is required for the treatment of diabetes type 1. Your doctor will be the one to make your insulin plan bases on some factors like age, medical history, overall health and extent of the disease among others.
Type 2 Diabetes is more common than Type 1 Diabetes. Type 2 is a metabolic disorder stemming from the body's inability to produce enough insulin. With low production of insulin, it becomes difficult for the body to move blood sugar into cells. This type of diabetes is a chronic one and has no cure.
The causes of this condition are unknown yet. However, several signs point to the direction of a genetic factor causing it to run in families. You can inherit a tendency to develop the disease but other elements, like obesity or physical inactivity, is usually involved.
Just like its other counterparts, there exists a myriad of risk factors diabetes type 2. They include:
The exact treatment for this type of diabetes will be determined based on the following factors:
This is a condition where the glucose level is higher and other symptoms of diabetes appear during pregnancy. Here, all the diabetes symptoms disappear after delivery. It is caused by the hormonal effects during the pregnancy period on the insulin, and the condition is commonly referred to as insulin resistance.
The exact cause remains unknown though theories are explaining the condition. The placenta, during pregnancy, plays the vital role of supplying the fetus with water, nutrients as well as producing a particular hormone that helps in maintaining the pregnancy. Some of the hormones can interfere with insulin effect, referred to as contra-insulin effect which usually starts about 20-24 weeks after conception. The insulin resistance becomes greater with time. Usually, the pancreas can overcome insulin resistance by producing additional insulin. However, when the insulin production is insufficient to overcome the effect of the hormones of the placenta, gestational diabetes occurs.
The treatment for gestational diabetes is determined by your doctor based on:
The treatment focuses on normalizing the blood glucose levels. It may include:
In 2011, the CDC reported that 1 in 12 people in the US (approximately 25 million) have asthma , with the numbers rising every year. Can you imagine, then, how many people have chronic asthma in 2017?
Many people develop the disease as children. From then on they experience episodes of shortness of breath, chest tightening, coughing fits and wheezing. During asthma attacks, the airways leading to the lungs constrict, preventing enough air from passing in and out. Additionally, the body produces extra mucus, clogging the airways even more.Needless to say, it can be a challenge for children and adults alike to live with this condition. Yet, you’ll be happy to know that it is manageable and doesn’t have to stop you from living a full, happy and healthy life. What are some things you can do to keep your asthma under wraps instead of it keeping you under wraps?
When most people hear that word arthritis, they immediately associate it with adults — especially older individuals. While the Arthritis Foundation does report that close to 50% of people over age 65 do have some form of arthritis , many younger individuals are also living with it.
In fact, two-thirds of those diagnosed are under age 65. You might be surprised to know that some 300,000 children of varying ages are a part of this group! The month of July is Juvenile Arthritis Awareness month.The purpose is to educate parents and others on this painful condition and help them to support children who bravely battle it each day. Why not test your current knowledge on this important subject?
When summer rolls around, most people are inevitably exposed to more sun whether they lay out and tan or not. It’s been long since confirmed that the use of tanning beds and prolonged exposure to the sun, especially without any sun protection, can have detrimental effects.
This might leave you wondering how you can avoid these issues, yet still have healthy, glowing skin all summer long. Let’s consider some do’s and don’ts that will be a major help.