It is estimated that over 200,000 people in Utah (10% of the adult population) have diabetes and an astonishing 619,000 Utahns have prediabetes. Diabetes affects nearly 30 Million Americans and is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States.
November is diabetes awareness month , and while diabetes is a common word, many people are unable to distinguish between the three common types. Below are the main variations of type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
This type of diabetes is known by several other names including juvenile diabetes and Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM. It occurs in two forms:
The Immune-mediated diabetes is more common compared to the idiopathic type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is most prevalent in children and young adults, but can always start at any age.
Type 1 diabetes is believed to stem from the immune system being triggered. The immune system of the body attacks and kills the cells producing insulin in the pancreas.
Insulin is the chemical that allows glucose to be absorbed into the cells of the body.
When the cells producing insulin are killed, insulin cannot be produced; and glucose will not be absorbed into the body. Patients with Type 1 diabetes need to take daily injections of insulin as well as monitor their blood sugar level regularly.
A number of factors can put you at risk for diabetes type 1. They include:
Insulin is required for the treatment of diabetes type 1. Your doctor will be the one to make your insulin plan bases on some factors like age, medical history, overall health and extent of the disease among others.
Type 2 Diabetes is more common than Type 1 Diabetes. Type 2 is a metabolic disorder stemming from the body's inability to produce enough insulin. With low production of insulin, it becomes difficult for the body to move blood sugar into cells. This type of diabetes is a chronic one and has no cure.
The causes of this condition are unknown yet. However, several signs point to the direction of a genetic factor causing it to run in families. You can inherit a tendency to develop the disease but other elements, like obesity or physical inactivity, is usually involved.
Just like its other counterparts, there exists a myriad of risk factors diabetes type 2. They include:
The exact treatment for this type of diabetes will be determined based on the following factors:
This is a condition where the glucose level is higher and other symptoms of diabetes appear during pregnancy. Here, all the diabetes symptoms disappear after delivery. It is caused by the hormonal effects during the pregnancy period on the insulin, and the condition is commonly referred to as insulin resistance.
The exact cause remains unknown though theories are explaining the condition. The placenta, during pregnancy, plays the vital role of supplying the fetus with water, nutrients as well as producing a particular hormone that helps in maintaining the pregnancy. Some of the hormones can interfere with insulin effect, referred to as contra-insulin effect which usually starts about 20-24 weeks after conception. The insulin resistance becomes greater with time. Usually, the pancreas can overcome insulin resistance by producing additional insulin. However, when the insulin production is insufficient to overcome the effect of the hormones of the placenta, gestational diabetes occurs.
The treatment for gestational diabetes is determined by your doctor based on:
The treatment focuses on normalizing the blood glucose levels. It may include:
Each year in the United States, more than 44,000 people take their own lives . That’s an average of 121 suicides per day. It’s estimated that for every one reported, 12 more people engage in self-harm, whether intentional suicide attempts or not.
With rates on a steady incline, it’s past time for action. Each and every one of us needs to have a part in supporting those who struggle with suicidal thoughts. In order to be of any help, though, we need to be able to recognize the signs of a person on the brink. What should you look for and how can you help?
It's estimated that one in five high school athletes will suffer a concussion during sports season. Younger athletes have the highest rate of concussions. While more perceived contact sports like football are thought to be the highest risk for a potential concussion, all sports carry a similar risk and demand similar precaution and treatment. As a parent, your first instinct might be to ban your child from playing sports altogether. But is that really necessary? No. Why do we say this?For one thing, if you encourage your child to play safely and receive training in head injury prevention, you can minimize risk. And if your child does happen to suffer from a concussion, there are steps you can take to ensure that they heal as quickly and as completely as possible.